March 7, 2015

Banana Fiber Making

My last research on the production of banana fiber was four years ago. There were lots of queries I could not answer, but the global enthusiasm was wonderful. The primary question was "where do I buy the proper machine?"

Thanks to innovations, sustainable desires, the passion for ethical fashion, and good 'ole YouTube, there's more to share. Let's start with the characteristics of banana fiber:
  • The fineness and spinnability is better than bamboo or ramie fiber, although similar in appearance.
  • It's strong, yet smaller length.
  • It's light, absorbs well, and releases moisture quickly.
  • It's biodegradable and without any negative effects on the environment.
  • It can be spun through almost all the methods of spinning, including ring-spinning, open-end spinning, bast-fiber spinning, semi-worsted spinning, and more.
REFERENCES
  • Rich McEachran of The Guardian recently (2015) writes that Offset Warehouse, an eco-textile company, partnered with NGO in Nepal to ensure that banana fabric production supports the artisan sector by relying on local skills. Nice, eh? They claim banana fiber making is nearly carbon neutral. The soft texture is similar to hemp or bamboo, which is perfect for manufacturing apparel like jackets and separates.
  • Leena Oijala published an article (2013), titled Fiber Watch: Fabric from Bananas? She writes that the stalk from bananas to fiber has been around since the 13th century. Flashback to the sustainable-natural way of living!
  • Nodus, a company that manufactures high-design rugs, writes (2013) about abaca, (banana silk), that it's valued for its exceptional strength, flexibility and resistance. The inner fibers can be used without spinning to manufacture lightweight and strong fabrics that are mainly used locally for garments, hats, and shoes.
  • Guangdong Billion Union Textile CO., LTD., a Hong Kong wholly investment company, reports (2012), that the Philippine Textile Research Institute concluded that ag waste from banana plantations in the Philippines alone can generate over 300,000 tonnes of fiber.
So there's the updates. Now, about the MACHINES ... every textile craftsman in every banana producing region of the world wants the machine!

A banana fiber decorticating machine is not an easy find, but I have a source. See the manual-style offer from Zhanjiang, China on the global trade site Alibaba.com. There you may subscribe/join to send a price query. My best guess is about USD $5000 without shipping.

As mentioned, YouTube blesses us with global videos. Check out these fiber separator instructions:
  • A couple of nice creative guys in Tamil Nadu, India illustrate that  every part of the Banana plant can be put to some use or the other.
  • Late 2009 in Malaysia, a woman demonstrates how to make thread from a banana leaf with tools, no machinery.
  • Love the 2013 video that illustrates how to make and use a homemade decorticating machine where he uses his vehicle and tires to flatten the stalks.
  • Sri Achu Fibres offers banana cloth with a video of the handloom weaving process in Tamil Nadu, India. The proprietor is certified Artisan - Banana Fibre Craft Practices (from Office of the Development Commissioner for Handicrafts, Ministry of Textile, India).
Rug supplier NODUS writes in Materials: part 1 (scroll down page), that the fibre-bearing outer layer is usually removed from the petiole by an operation in which strips, or tuxies, are freed at one end and pulled off. In the cleaning operation that follows, pulpy material is scraped away by hand or machine, freeing the fibre strands, which are dried in the sun. The strands average 1 to 3 m in length, depending on petiole size and the processing method used. The lustrous fibre ranges in color from white through brown, red, purple, or black, ― depending on plant variety and stalk position; the strongest fibres come from the outer sheaths.

That's artsy-fascinating about the colors. You know I wonder what the potential of expanding this craft is on Hawaiian islands?

RELATED POST
Banana Fiber Production

October 20, 2014

Coconuts go High Tech


Cocona® is a patented method which infuses active particles into fibres, yarns, membranes and textile insulation. These active particles are natural and derived from natural sources such as volcanic rock or charcoal made from coconut shells.

RELATED SITES + Coconutz Cocona®
http://www.gococo.se/en/page/material.html
http://www.footprintbamboo.com/why-coconuts.aspx
http://www.wildernessproject.org/eco-socks/natural_fiber.php#Cocona

July 6, 2014

March 31, 2014

Green Car Guide 2014


Source: Fix.com

 In accordance to legislation finalized by the Obama Administration in August 2012 [4], a new car in the U.S. must average 35.5 mpg by 2016. The mpg average must increase to 54.5 by 2025. The growth of alternative fuel vehicles is promising, according to J.D. Power and Associates, the global market research firm. It reports by 2025, more than one-third of passenger vehicles will be equipped with alternative powertrains and operated with alternative fuels. About 17.5 percent of the vehicles will be hybrid gas/electric hybrids powertrains (HEVs) and plug-in hybrids [5]. Plug-in electric hybrids will comprise about a five percent share. Availability of hybrid and electric vehicles will more than double the current variety by 2016 to 159 models in the U.S., according to J.D. Power & Associates.

Read full article by James Raia ...

March 14, 2014

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The Ultimate Green Store

September 16, 2013

Fashion Rubber?

www.zuss.com
Do you know about rubber for ethical fashion? Think tubes from vehicles -- motorcycles, mopeds and bicycles. Now think upcycling and trashion.

One of the first North American companies I admired, circa 1997, was Little Earth. Although they shifted focus on different materials (mostly license plates) and sold the company, one of their first items was an upcycled rubber bag.

Then early this century came Vulcana, Inc., a company in New Jersey with a promising rubber-to-fabric patent that sold bags and accessories. Today Vulcana focuses on textiles and offers a variety of materials for upholstery, wall coverings, outdoor furniture, and much more. It's like a designers playground!

English Retreads, a Colorado company, manufacturers bags and accessories for retailers. Founder Heather English says her design philosophy is to create classic, one-of-a-kind, hand-crafted items that make a high-impact fashion statement and a low impact on the environment.

I particularly love the history of two sisters in UK who established Zuss by converting old inner tubes from local bike shops into bold eye-catching hot couture, hats and accessories. Neither of them went to art or design school. Their first 1997 fashion show was a hit and the business receives global attention today.

www.gaelyn.com
More than a decade ago, designer Anna Cianfarani collected rubber from a local non-profit bicycle recycling source. Her New York business, Gaelyn & Cianfarani, attracted stage performers, party goers and stylists. Many of those rubber designs made magazine covers.

It's an honor to document the work of ethical companies and creative designers with a recycling focus. Their past and present creations inspire product developers everywhere.

Check out the items below, where Amazon makes it easy!



April 11, 2013

Innovative Fabric from Coffee Grinds

Did you know that coffee fabric is made in Taiwan?

Admittedly, my innovative fabric research is not up to date. Yet I am confident that unknowing textile professionals and entrepreneurs will be fascinated.

In fact, J&O Fabrics Store has a newsletter blog with a REUTERS video titled Waste Coffee Grounds Add Flavor to Fabric.

Located in Taiwan, SINGTEX® is an admirable company fixated on R+D. They came up with S.Café®  ― a patented process that converts the coffee grounds into yarn. From yarn, they manufacture knitted and woven fabrics, as well as soft-shell fabrics.

They're focused on active wear. Benefits are fast drying, anti-odor properties, and UV-protection.


A couple of years ago Eunice Tsai of DNA Design Labs launched ladies' wedding attire with the fabric. She's into eco-friendly production and happens to love coffee! Other SINGTEX customers are Hugo Boss, Patagonia, Nike, and North Face brands.

Why eco-friendly status? Because used coffee grounds are diverted from landfills, the discovery expands the life circle of coffee industry, and waste is valued. Top that with energy saved because of dual results, ―roasted beans and odor absorption qualities incorporated into fiber.

October 24, 2012

Hawaii Local Eco Artists: Miracles Through Botanicals

Hawaii Local Eco Artists: Miracles Through Botanicals
Click title above to read more
Excerpt:
For those who are not familiar with the amazing benefits of aromatherapy it is easy to overlook Hope and Achaia's market display. Take a closer look to find not only a list of ingredients in each bottle, but the purpose of each as well. Hope is obviously a blend expert, which is a skill far beyond basic knowledge of EOs. Shop by emotions, — online or in person!

March 4, 2012

Zia & Tia Launches Dolls, Toys and Dog Sweaters

Zia & Tia launched a new collection of organic cotton hand knit heirloom Dolls & Toys as well as Dog Sweaters.

Don't forget organic hand knits for babies and children; that collection continues.

Admired Julie Jonas is a sustainable luxury designer who resides in Montreal.

RELATED POST:
Zia & Tia Intro on Feelgood Style

October 2, 2011

Banana Fiber Production

History on Wikipedia tells us that Japan’s cultivation for banana textiles dates back to the 13th century. The traditional process requires many handmade steps without machinery. In Nepal the process differs and is more silk-like. Typically fibers are sent to Kathmandu Valley for making rugs.

As a natural fiber enthusiast, I am noticing an increase in banana fiber production. Love the recent hessnatur advertisements and education of New SADLE, a nonprofit organization in Nepal that is responsible for weaving the banana silk scarves they offer. You can find hessnatur offerings from the Chíc Eco Retail Shop in the BODIES sector.

Good news from Textile Exchange is that a banana fiber separator machine developed in India is utilized today. Because of this innovative extraction process, agricultural waste is more easily converted to a raw material for good quality silk grade fiber yarn.

Another site, Qieys’s Weblog in Malaysia, illustrates an extractor machine for banana fiber that may be operated by two ladies. One person is to cut the trees into pieces and another person is to operate the machinery. Doesn’t sound bad.

Below is a process summary from hessnatur



  • Shop hessnatur baby - Pure Pleasure for Your Baby

  • hessnatur is a shop that consist of pure and natural fashion, organic clothes, green textiles and eco fibers for the whole family that is always fair-wear sustainable.